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Alzheimer Disease Early Symptoms,Icd 10,Research,Causes,Treatment

Prevention and Treatment

Alzheimer Disease Early Symptoms,Icd 10,Research,Causes,Treatment: Alzheimer’s type senile dementia, or Alzheimer’s disease, develops against the background of degenerative changes in the nervous tissue of the brain. This leads to the oppression of the higher functions of the central nervous system, a decrease in the human intellectual abilities. If you use the simplest words, the disease is a special kind of senile dementia. Scientists have been studying pathology for more than a hundred years, but still do not know much about it. The basic data on the disease allows to a certain extent to fight it, maintaining the standard of living of patients at the highest possible level. The first warning signs of illness often go unnoticed, the diagnosis is made too late, which reduces the chances of achieving a pronounced therapeutic effect.

If you use the simplest words, Alzheimer’s disease is a special kind of senile dementia.

What kind of Alzheimer’s disease – the causes of the disease

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According to official data, the development of Alzheimer’s disease is based on the deposition of a specific protein-polysaccharide complex – amyloid – in the mass of brain tissue. This causes a failure in the transmission of nerve impulses between parts of the central nervous system, the death of cell colonies, and the degeneration of entire areas of the organ. Scientists identify several options for the implementation of these processes, but the reasons for their development have not yet been established.

Despite the definition of the disease, it can occur at a relatively young age. Alzheimer’s disease is recognized as the most common form of senile dementia, it accounts for almost half of all reported cases of such conditions. A progressive disease is being registered in modern people more and more often and threatens to acquire an epidemic status over time. No ethnic, social or gender group is insured against the development of pathology.

Contrary to popular belief, Alzheimer’s disease adversely affects not only the quality but also the life expectancy of the patient.

The probability of developing an illness increases under the influence of such factors:

  • traumatic brain injuries, including those received by the child during childbirth;
  • psychoemotional shock or depression in the anamnesis;
  • low level of mental activity, refusal to obtain higher education;
  • hypertonic disease;
  • atherosclerosis of cerebral vessels, blood channels of the neck and head;
  • elevated levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood;
  • excessive concentration of homocysteine in the blood – a specific sulfur-containing amino acid;
  • diabetes, high blood glucose;
  • any pathological conditions leading to hypoxia of the brain;
  • the presence of excess weight in the elderly and young people;
  • rejection of systematic physical activity;
  • abuse of coffee and caffeinated beverages.

The likelihood of developing an illness increases under the influence of elevated levels of harmful cholesterol in the blood.

At many of these points a person can have an impact. By reducing the impact of negative factors on the body, it is possible to reduce the likelihood of developing Alzheimer’s disease or to delay the onset of pathology for several years.

Separately, scientists identify two indicators that largely affect the risks of developing pathology and are not amenable to control – a person’s age and gender. According to statistics, 40% of people over 90 years of age have Alzheimer’s disease even when prophylaxis is administered. The disease occurs in both sexes, but women suffer from it more often than men.

Cholinergic Alzheimer’s Disease Hypothesis

Initially, acetylcholine deficiency was considered the main cause of the disease. It is a biologically active substance that participates in the transmission of nerve impulses between cells.

Based on the theory, drugs have been developed that increase the level of the neurotransmitter to normal levels.

Such therapy reduced the severity of symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, but the degenerative processes progressed further. Similar medicines are today being introduced into the composition of complex approaches for stopping the manifestations of ailment or reducing their intensity.

Amyloid Hypothesis

Leading official theory of the development of pathology. It is based on changes in the brain in Alzheimer’s disease, which result from the formation of amyloid deposits in the tissues of the central nervous system. This variant of the course of the disease is quite plausible, but scientists are unable to establish the reasons for the launch of such processes. In recent years, the development of medicines that can destroy amyloid plaques or prevent their formation. The resulting vaccines so far only resemble clinical trials. How is their effect when used by a sick person is not yet known.

Tau hypothesis

One of the latest variants of the cause of Alzheimer’s disease is associated with a violation of the structure of the tau protein. Normally, this substance is necessary for the formation of microtubules that make up the cells. According to research data, in persons with senile dementia, this chemical compound becomes insoluble. As a result, its tangle is attached to the neurons, reducing their functionality. The same effects are recorded in persons who have suffered serious or multiple head injuries. Scientists believe that further work on this theory will help prove that head injuries significantly increase the likelihood of Alzheimer’s disease.

Hereditary hypothesis

Genetic predisposition is considered one of the main causes of Alzheimer’s disease. The analysis of statistics for many years confirms the fact that the risk of senile dementia is higher among those whose relatives had been diagnosed. According to scientists, 1, 14, 19 and 21 chromosomes are responsible for the disease. Most often, the hereditary origin of pathology leads to the development of a clinical picture after 65 years, but early manifestations are not excluded. It is important to understand that the aggravated family history does not provoke pathology, but only increases the likelihood of its occurrence. Persons at risk should be given special attention to the prevention of senile changes. In particular, their life must be accompanied by active mental activity.

Famous people with Alzheimer’s

Not every famous person is able to admit that after many years of productive life, senile dementia has caught up with him. Such brave souls are still there. Recognizing the fact that they suffer from Alzheimer’s disease, these people often try to encourage ordinary citizens not to be shy of their illness and not to hide it from doctors. Many of them by their example show that with the right approach with the problem, you can live for a long time.

Among the famous actors with a terrible diagnosis are Peter Falk, Annie Girardot, Charlton Heston. After finding the pathology, Rita Hayworth lived another 15 years thanks to the quality care provided by her daughter.

One of the methods of prevention of dementia is considered a healthy lifestyle, proper nutrition and physical activity.

Despite this, the list of people with Alzheimer’s disease includes athletes. In particular, the diagnosis was made to footballer Ferenc Puskas, boxer Walker Smith, Jr., who is known as Sugar Ray Robinson.

The list of famous people with Alzheimer’s disease includes recognized thinkers. This is a writer and philosopher Iris Murdoch, who continued to work even after the onset of symptoms of illness. Writer Terry Pratchett, who used a speech recognizer to create books when he could no longer read and write. Margaret Thatcher and Ronald Reagan fought with a terrible diagnosis.

Clinical Pictures of AD

The core of the clinical picture of AD are:

Syndrome of progressive dementia.

Multiple cognitive (cognitive) deficiency, which is determined by a combination of memory disorders (impairment in memorizing a new and / or reproducing previously learned information) and the presence of signs of at least one of the following cognitive impairments:

  • aphasia (sensory or amnestic), but speech disorders may be absent;
  • apraxia;
  • agnosia;
  • violation of intellectual activity (planning, programming, abstraction, establishing causal relationships);
  • impairments of both memory and cognitive functions should be expressed in the degree that causes a decrease in the social or professional adaptation of the patient compared to the previous level;
  • the course is characterized by a gradual subtle onset and steady progression of dementia;
  • data from clinical or special paraclinical studies should indicate that disorders of memory and cognitive functions are not caused by any other disease or damage to the central nervous system;
  • signs of cognitive impairment are detected in patients outside the states of confusion;
  • cognitive impairment is not caused by any other mental illness.
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Alzheimer’s Disease – Symptoms in Different Stages

The nature and severity of the signs of the disease depend on the degree of degenerative changes in the structure of the brain substance. Doctors argue that the apparent clinical picture of Alzheimer’s syndrome occurs 15-20 years after the formation of the first lesions in the CNS. Some signals can occur in the early stages of the disease, but they are usually mistaken for the age or personality characteristics of a person. Despite the impressive variability of symptoms, Alzheimer’s disease in all victims is manifested in the same way and in a similar pattern. First, cognitive functions are inhibited, then problems cover the entire body.

The first signs of the disease

The initial symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease are memory problems and mood changes. For the timely detection of the disease, doctors recommend first of all to pay attention to the quality of short-term memory. His fall is considered the first sign of Alzheimer’s disease, which is often ignored by patients and their families. A person becomes forgetful, he needs to hear new information several times in order to process and remember it. The problem is manifested in the need to strain to remember the names, names, age, location of things that are often used.

A drop in the quality of short-term memory is considered the first sign of illness.

A change in the psycho-emotional background is manifested in apathy. The patient has lost interest in what used to be fun. He refuses to fill his free time with something, he withdraws into himself. Often, this attitude leads the victims to ignore the basic rules of personal hygiene, which affects their appearance. In men, the apathetic state can be complemented by flashes of aggression, an abnormality of sexual behavior. Many are trying to fill the void with alcohol, which only aggravates the situation. Sometimes in the description of the initial stages of the disease there are problems with speech and orientation in space.

Stages of Alzheimer’s Disease

Degenerative processes that occur during illness cause progressive neuronal death. Originating in the hippocampus, they reduce a person’s ability to memorize and accumulate information, and then spread to other parts of the brain.

When the lesion reaches the bark of an organ, the cognitive functions of the central nervous system are inhibited, which is manifested in the inability to draw logical conclusions and plan.

Signs of Alzheimer’s disease usually appear in old age, which doctors attribute to a gradual decrease in brain volume, its “drying out”. The patient goes through several stages, each of which has its own characteristics.

Stages of Alzheimer’s disease and their characteristics:
  • predementia – the period before the appearance of an obvious clinical picture that lasts 3-8 years on average. Usually the diagnosis at this stage is not made, he is remembered already during the visit to the doctor about the expressed symptoms of the disease. The stage is characterized by memory problems that lead to the need for a diary. They are complemented by apathy, lack of interests, reduced intelligence, the inability to focus or draw conclusions. Many patients have signs of depression, increased anxiety, psychosis;
  • Early dementia is the stage of Alzheimer’s disease where the diagnosis is most common. Symptoms are worse than in the previous period. They are already difficult to write off for fatigue, stress, overstrain, which causes anxiety in the patient himself or his relatives. Speech disorders are added to the basic manifestations – these can be various forms of aphasia. The patient forgets or confuses words, simplifies his sentences as much as possible, does not always understand the speech addressed to him. A person becomes clumsy, slow, scattered. His handwriting is changing, and the execution of the usual household chores causes difficulties;
  • moderate dementia – mental processes are so disturbed that they do not allow the patient to cope with the usual things without the help of others. Because of problems with logic, the patient is not able to dress for the weather. The disorder of orientation in space and memory leads to the fact that people with Alzheimer’s get lost and are not able to find their way home. Long-term memory is deteriorating – the victim can not remember relatives, loved ones. Short-term memory is so depressed that the patient forgets that he did a few seconds ago. Speech, writing and reading violated. Apathy can suddenly be replaced by aggression;
  • Severe dementia – a person does not control the physiological needs of his body. He is not able to eat without help and serve himself. Speech functions lost. As the disease progresses, the patient loses the ability to move and swallow. It is fed through a probe, are complex prevention of complications.

Starting from the third stage of Alzheimer’s disease, the victims need constant monitoring. Even if they retain some basic skills of self-service, they will not be able to do without the help of those around them. At this point, patients with senile dementia begin to pose a danger to themselves and others. Their unconscious actions often lead to accidents.

Methods for diagnosing Alzheimer’s disease

In accordance with the ICD-10 criteria, for the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease, it is necessary to confirm the presence of dementia and exclude all other causes of dementia – according to anamnesis, physical examination and instrumental studies.

The diagnosis and determination of the degree of dementia is performed by a neurologist. At the same time, it is based not only on the symptoms of the disease, but also on the results of laboratory tests and hardware research. Additionally, special tests are carried out, neuroimaging techniques are used. The sooner the problem is identified, the more chances for inhibition of the process of degeneration of the nervous tissue, the achievement of pronounced results of the correction condition.

Problems of early diagnosis of the disease

At the initial stage of development of the disease the diagnosis is made very rarely. This is usually due to a targeted, routine diagnosis or during the course of working with a patient about a different diagnosis. The first symptoms and signs of pathology remain unnoticed by the patient himself because of his inadequate assessment of his condition. Often, sick people blame the problems for age, fatigue, stress, lifestyle.

Often, sick people blame the problems that appear for age.

In the case of susceptibility to pathology, an elderly person should be given increased attention. Keeping a diary of disturbing manifestations by someone close to you will help to recognize Alzheimer’s disease at an early stage and to start therapy in a timely manner.

According to statistics, the active clinical phase of the disease in most people begins in 55-65 years. In this case, signs of Alzheimer’s disease, usually appearing at an early stage, can be seen as early as 40-45 years. The case of the first manifestations of pathology in a 28-year-old patient was recorded in the history of medicine.

Currently, in addition to the ICD-10 criteria, the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria (the National Institute of the Neurological and Communicative Disorders and the Alzheimer’s Disease and Related Disorders Association) proposed by the same research institutions in 1984 are widely used to diagnose Alzheimer’s disease. year According to these criteria, 4 degrees of reliability of a clinical diagnosis are distinguished:

  • A clinically accurate diagnosis is characterized by the criteria of the proposed diagnosis and implies the presence of histological evidence of the disease obtained by performing a biopsy or autopsy.
  • The alleged diagnosis is characterized by clinically and neuropsychologically confirmed dementia, the progression of disorders of at least two cognitive functions, the onset of the disease at the age of 40 to 90 years and the absence of other diseases that could lead to the development of this syndrome.
  • Probable diagnosis is considered in cases of progression of dementia, but atypical onset of the disease and the absence of another suspected cause.
  • An unlikely diagnosis is if the patient has either symptoms of focal brain damage, or extrapyramidal disorders, or a sudden onset of the disease is established from history.
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The authors of the NINCDS-ADRDA criteria identified 8 cognitive functions that may be impaired in Alzheimer’s disease: memory, speech, perception, attention, ability to create, orientation, ability to make decisions and the ability to perform any work / task.

Radiation diagnostic methods

A feature of Alzheimer’s disease is the predominant lesion of the temporal-parietal hemispheres of the brain and cholinergic neurons of the basal nucleus of Meynert. First of all, Alzheimer’s disease affects the medial regions of the temporal lobe. Hippocampal atrophy is an early, although not entirely specific marker of the disease. The presence of single small vascular lesions or limited periventricular leukoaraiosis does not exclude the diagnosis of Alzheimer’s disease.

The study showed that cognitive disorders that lead to social maladjustment of Alzheimer’s patients are associated not so much with diffuse cerebral atrophy, but with more local atrophy of the temporal lobes and hippocampus. At the same time, more pronounced disorders of higher brain functions are observed in patients in whom cerebral atrophy is accompanied by leukoaraiosis. Its localization is important – neurodynamic disorders are characteristic of patients with leukoaraiosis in the frontal areas.

The increase in the severity of leukoaraiosis is accompanied by clinically balanced disorders, and, according to MRI data, by a more significant expansion of the ventricles. Postural functions in Alzheimer’s disease are significantly influenced by age, and the dynamic characteristics (walking) are also related to the size of the ventricular system,

In Sweden, scientists studied the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease among patients with mild cognitive impairment. Using perfusion MRI, it was found that in patients with cortical blood flow in the parietal lobes, the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease is 3 times greater.

An important neuropathological feature of Alzheimer’s disease is ß-amyloid protein deposits. New advances in positron emission tomography make it possible to see ß-amyloid in the brain.

Typical clinical manifestations of the disease

The first symptoms recorded by the doctor help to make a preliminary diagnosis, to determine the stage of the disease. History taking allows you to establish the approximate time of onset of the pathology and predict the pace of Alzheimer’s disease. The specialist differentiates its manifestations, tries to identify the presence of additional symptoms that can affect the treatment regimen. This list includes depressive disorders, signs of impaired various functions of the brain.

Alzheimer’s Disease Test

At the initial stages, the symptoms of the disease are similar to the manifestations of a number of other brain lesions, pathologies of the psycho-emotional sphere. To distinguish it from other states, apply various diagnostic tests. They are based on the implementation of actions and tasks that during normal functioning of the central nervous system will not cause difficulties. Specific brain damage during such manipulations become more apparent. Sessions can include reading and retelling text, solving math problems, working with cards, drawing, evaluating spatial and temporal indicators.

Be sure to conduct testing for latent depression, during which resembles the early stage of Alzheimer’s disease. To evaluate the results of professional questionnaires must doctor. For personal use on the Internet, a lot of tests have been laid out, with the help of which you can independently assess the likelihood of developing dementia in your family or relatives.

Neuroimaging methods

In the course of diagnostics, it is important to determine the place and area of the brain damage by degenerative processes. Also neoplasms, vascular pathologies, cysts and strokes should be excluded as the cause of neurological symptoms.

For a visual assessment of the state of the nervous tissue using the following approaches:

  • MRI – allows you to estimate the volume of the brain, notice its decrease, to identify the fact of the expansion of the ventricles. The approach detects inclusions in the structure of tissues, signs of metabolic disorders. The manipulation is carried out several times with an interval of 1-3 months to check the dynamics of the clinical picture;
  • CT scan is a less informative version of the examination, which is usually used in the later stages of the pathology. With its help, a decrease in brain volume, an increase in its ventricles, atrophy of the cerebral cortex are detected;
  • PET is an improved version of CT, which allows to establish the presence of pathology in its early stages, to distinguish degenerative disease from other forms of dementia.

The listed approaches are useful not only for diagnostics and the beginning of therapy. They are used regularly to assess the speed and extent of the spread of degenerative processes, to check the effectiveness of the selected treatment.

MRI – allows you to estimate the volume of the brain, notice its decrease, to identify the fact of the expansion of the ventricles.

How to treat Alzheimer’s disease

The approach to treating a disease must be comprehensive and professional.

To obtain the maximum effect, a whole group of specialists should be engaged in a patient: a neurologist, a speech therapist, a defectologist, a psychologist, a physiotherapist, a therapist.

Sometimes psychiatric assistance is additionally required for victims. You should not try to independently combat the symptoms of the disease, resort to receiving funds that are not agreed with the doctor. Even products of traditional medicine before the course must be approved by a neurologist or therapist.

Can Alzheimer’s Cure?

Therapy, conducted with this type of senile dementia, is aimed at combating its symptoms, improving the quality of human life, slowing the progression of the disease. Despite the knowledge of scientists, to fight Alzheimer’s disease is useless. No action can reverse the degenerative process or stop it completely.

How many live with Alzheimer’s

The prognosis for pathology is unfavorable. The life expectancy of the patient depends on the degree of brain damage, the quality of treatment and care, the timeliness of diagnosis. On average, from the moment of detecting changes in the central nervous system and providing all the necessary conditions to the victim, before the last stage of the illness, 7-9 years pass. According to statistics, at the last stage of the disease, patients live no longer than 1-2 years. Sometimes this period is reduced to several months. Most often, people die just as long as the last stage of Alzheimer’s disease lasts due to numerous complications.

Most often, people die just as long as the last stage of Alzheimerapo disease lasts because of numerous complications.

Drug therapy

Treatment for Alzheimer’s disease requires an integrated approach, but the main method of dealing with changes in the brain is taking medication. They are selected to restore metabolic processes and eliminate hypoxia in the tissues, improve blood composition, stimulate the work of internal organs. The result is the normalization of nutrition in problem areas of the central nervous system, potentiation of their functionality. Additionally, they use agents that directly affect the mechanism for the development of dementia. From the moment the first signs of Alzheimer’s disease appear, the patient is shown symptomatic treatment in accordance with the characteristics of the case.

Depending on the characteristics of the stages of the disease, the patient is prescribed the following drugs:

  • acetylcholinesterase inhibitors – adjust the transmission of nerve impulses, slow down the formation of senile plaques. As a result, the patient’s memory improves, attention and cognitive functions are restored;
  • antidepressants – eliminate the manifestations of depression, which very often complement the clinical picture of Alzheimer’s disease;
  • “Piribedil” – improves nervous transmission, increasing the speed of information transfer between cells of the central nervous system. This is manifested in strengthening memory, improving concentration and learning;
  • phosphodiesterase inhibitors – stimulate cerebral circulation by dilating blood vessels, preventing the formation of blood clots, reducing blood viscosity;
  • Ginkgo biloba extract is a combined natural remedy that shows high effectiveness in combating manifestations of various forms of senile dementia. The product saturates the brain tissue with biologically active substances, protects them from the influence of toxins;
  • calcium channel blockers – dilate small blood vessels, prevent an increase in calcium concentration to toxic levels;
  • alpha adrenoblockers – improve the process of neuron exchange of information, change the width of the lumen of the blood channels;
  • amino acids, peptides – stimulate metabolism inside the nerve cells and the formation of new processes in them.
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In case of violation of the internal organs in the treatment regimen include additional groups of medications. The list, dosage, schedule of medication are established by the attending physician.

Depending on the characteristics of the stages of the disease, the patient is prescribed various drugs (acetylcholinesterase inhibitors, antidepressants).

Folk remedies

The fight against senile dementia is not limited to taking medication, visiting a speech therapist or physiotherapist. A large amount of work must be done at home. The victim is shown physical and mental activity, exercise, socialization. To enhance the effect of the main therapy, it is recommended to start treatment with folk remedies. All methods of alternative medicine should first be coordinated with the doctor.

Methods of treating Alzheimer’s disease with the help of folk remedies:

  • receiving hawthorn infusion normalizes blood pressure;
  • the addition of an extract of ginseng root or lemongrass to drinks will help keep the body in good shape;
  • green tea will remove toxins from brain tissue;
  • drinks based on lime or lemon balm normalize sleep, eliminate anxiety;
  • adding turmeric to food will slow down the aging of the body;
  • aromatherapy using essential oils of basil, bergamot and eucalyptus will have a general strengthening effect.

Significantly help the patient can proper nutrition. It will not restore the damaged areas of the brain, but it will improve the composition of the blood, slow down the degenerative processes. The diet of people with Alzheimer’s disease should be based on seafood, fish, vegetables, fruits, nuts, vegetable oils, greens. It is better to refuse meat at all or give preference to its white species (chicken, turkey).

Ginseng root will help keep the body in good shape.

Alzheimer’s Disease – Prevention Methods

The human brain is constantly exposed to the negative influence of external factors. This leads to the death of neurons, reducing the functionality of entire departments. Due to the plasticity of the central nervous system, some areas of the medulla are able to take over the functions of the damaged ones, compensating for their damage. Such processes in women and men of any age are possible only if there is an abundance of neural connections between cells and parts of the brain. These connections are formed as a result of human mental activity. Experts in the field of neurology argue that the higher the level of intelligence, the lower the risks of developing Alzheimer’s syndrome.

Based on this, the doctors decided that reading, learning foreign languages, solving puzzles, assembling puzzles are the main ways of preventing illness.

Additionally, you should make sure that the body is not affected by the common causes of Alzheimer’s disease.

The list of the latter includes head injury, vascular pathology, bad habits, refusal from a healthy lifestyle and physical activity.

Alzheimer’s Disease Care

Alzheimer’s syndrome is a terrible incurable disease, but many people live with it, try to do it fully and fruitfully. Much here depends on the quality of care for the injured. In the first three stages of the pathology, such concerns usually fall on the shoulders of the relatives of the patient.

Home treatment will give the best effect when you consider such moments:

  • a clear daily routine will help the patient to navigate in time, give him confidence, set up in a positive way;
  • The situation in the room should be organized so that the tenant with the disease does not have everyday problems. Plates with the names of objects, instructions for performing familiar activities, photos of household with their names will help a lot;
  • the patient must constantly do something. It is best to pick up cases that give him pleasure and bring at least conditional benefit;
  • you can not do everything for the patient. He should feel his independence, independence, importance in the family;

it is necessary to warmly communicate with the victim and to communicate a lot, using all available methods for this. Conflict situations should not be fueled or supported, even when they are provoked by the patient.

C victims need to be warm and communicate a lot, using all available methods.

Special attention should be paid to the safety of a person with Alzheimer’s disease. The presence of dangerous objects in the area of its reach. All valuable and important things need to be stored separately, under a safe lock. It is not recommended to allow the patient to cook if the clinical manifestations of the pathology are already pronounced. Labels with the name and address should be attached to the victim’s clothes so that he can be identified if he comes out and gets lost. Valves, gas stove, sockets must be equipped with plugs.

Psychological assistance in Alzheimer’s disease

In the early stages, patients realize that they have Alzheimer’s syndrome. Their gradual loss of control over the higher functions of their brain leads to anxiety, fear, and a sense of hopelessness. In especially severe cases, suicide attempts are not excluded. Very often, victims begin to suffer from depression, which aggravates the course of the disease, causing significant discomfort to their loved ones.

Psychotherapy on this background should be comprehensive and professional.

  • Individual consultations are prescribed to the patient, the psychologist gives recommendations to his relatives, it is possible to conduct family sessions.

In parallel, drug therapy based on antidepressants, anxiolytics, tranquilizers is launched.

Help for relatives of a patient with Alzheimer’s disease

Not only the patient himself, but his relatives should know everything about Alzheimer’s disease, how to deal with the patient, and what mistakes can be made. An important role is allocated to the psychological preparation of the victim’s own environment. These people must prepare for the long-term struggle with the disease, the inevitable death of a loved one, the need to devote a significant part of their time to it. Practice shows that Alzheimer’s disease in a relative becomes a huge stress for most people. To date, several options have been developed to assist such groups of individuals. These are individual psychologist consultations, group psychotherapy, support groups, available information resources.

Not only the patient himself, but his relatives should know everything about the disease.

No one is protected from Alzheimer’s disease, although the prevention is carried out and can reduce potential risks. Degenerative disease can develop in any person, regardless of gender, race or social status. Everyone should know what the pathology is, how to identify or notice it in a loved one and what to do after that.

Draw conclusions

Strokes are the cause of almost 70% of all deaths in the world. Seven out of ten people die due to blockage of the arteries of the brain. And the very first and foremost sign of vascular occlusion is a headache!

Vascular blockage results in a disease under the well-known name “hypertension”, here are just some of its symptoms:

  • Headache
  • Palpitations
  • Black dots before eyes (flies)
  • Apathy, irritability, drowsiness
  • Blurry vision
  • Sweating
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Facial swelling
  • Numbness and chills
  • Pressure jumps

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