How is Pneumonia Spread From Person to Person And is it Contagious or Not: Despite modern developments in the field of medicine and the emergence of new antibacterial drugs, mortality from pneumonia growing. Most people fear this disease. Consider how pneumonia is transmitted and whether or not to be afraid of it. How is Pneumonia Spread From Person to Person And is it Contagious or Not.
Table of content:
- Causes of pneumonia and it’s Risk Factors
- Pneumonia is contagious or not?
- Is it possible to get airborne droplets?
- Types and classification of Pneumonia
- Symptoms and signs of Pneumonia in Adults And Children
- How to Prevent Pneumonia Infection in babies and Adults
Causes of Pneumonia and it’s Risk Factors
Pneumonia is an acute pneumonia that occurs on its own or as a result of the complication of another disease. It is characterized by lesions of the vascular system of the lungs, alveoli and bronchiole.
The Risk Factors of Pneumonia Includes The Following:
- Elderly people.
- Holders of weak immunity.
- Sick with heart failure.
- Persons with chronic lung disease in the anamnesis.
- Patients who have undergone abdominal surgery in recent times.
- People injured chest.
The cause of the disease can be bacteria, viruses or fungi.
Ways of Pneumonia I
- Airborne way. It is the most common. With coughing or sneezing, the patient releases a large number of microbes. A person at risk may become infected with pneumonia by breathing in air that is saturated with disease-causing microorganisms.
- By circulatory system. This infection path is less common. Pathogenic microbes enter the bloodstream from the primary site of infection.
- lymphatic system. It is extremely rare. Causative agent penetrates the lymphatic system and spreads with lymph throughout the body.
Additional factors are avitaminosis, hypothermia, smoking, alcoholism.
Pneumonia is contagious or not?
Many people fear pneumonia because they do not know whether pneumonia is contagious or not. In the case of transmission, much depends on the coincidence of several factors. It is important what pathogen caused the disease, who is sick, how long and in what form can be in contact with a patient with pneumonia.
There is a small risk of infection with pneumonia. Children and adults who have a weak immune system are more susceptible to pathogenic microorganisms. Lying patients are usually more likely to have pneumonia because they have mucus in the airways. The pathogen accumulates in the sputum, and, getting into the lungs with it, begins to multiply there intensively.
Pneumonia can be transmitted from one person to another if it is caused by a virus, staphylococcus, streptococcus, pneumococcus or legionella. Yet in most cases, pneumonia is not infectious, since pneumonia rarely begins as an independent disease. Most often it develops against the background of associated infections.
Is it possible to get airborne droplets
The danger of infection is not the disease itself, but the microorganisms that caused it. There are certain forms of pneumonia whose causative agent can enter the body. airborne by.
If there is an infectious pneumonia, then there is a risk of infection not as a result of pneumonia, but because of a viral infection.
The following forms of pneumonia, which are transmitted by airborne droplets, are distinguished:
- Atypical pneumonia. Called by various pathogens. Symptomatology has a blurred character, similar toARVI. It is difficult to treat with antibiotics.
- caseous pneumonia. It flows at lightning speed, the symptoms build up over three days. Quickly affects the lung tissue, resulting parenchyma. Without adequate treatment leads to acute respiratory failure and patient death.
These types of pneumonia are extremely dangerous, but are quite rare. In this case, to get infected, you need to be in constant and close contact with the patient. ‘How is Pneumonia Spread From Person to Person And is it Contagious or Not’a
Types and classification of Pneumonia
There are such types of pneumonia:
- Bacterial. Caused by various bacteria: staphylococci, streptococci, hemophilic bacillus, chlamydia mycoplasma.
- Fungal. The causative agents of this type of pneumonia are more often fungi of the genus Candida, less often as pergillu.
- Viral. Here the carriers are various types of viruses: adenoviruses, rhinoviruses, respiratory syncytial and influenza virus.
- Mixed Called by several microorganisms at the same time.
Depending on the nature of localization inflammations Classification of Pneumonia as Follow:
- Segmental or
polysegmental. The focus of infection is localized in one or more segments of the lungs.
- Share Inflammation occurs in a specific pulmonary lobe.
- Focal. Defeat occurs in a limited area.easy.
- Total, subtotal. The process covers all the lungs.
- Left or right sided. It affects the left or right lung.
- Bilateral. The inflammatory process occurs in both lungs.
- Radical. The focus of infection develops at the roots of the lungs.
According to the form of the disease:
- Hospital pneumonia. Inflammation which began in the hospital no earlier than 2 days after the patient is hospitalized.
- Community-acquired. Inflammation that started before the patient turned to the doctor and no later than 2 days after the patient was placed in the ward.
- Aspiration. Occurs after contact with gastric contents in the respiratory tract.
- Pneumonia in HIV patients. Inflammation occurs in people with immunodeficiency.
- Mild degree It is characterized by small lesions.lungs. Easy to treat.
- Medium degree. Appearsintoxication organism, the process involves large foci of the lungs.
- Severe. Severe intoxication, acute respiratory failure
It is very important to correctly identify the type of disease before the appointment of complex therapy.
Symptoms and S
igns of Pneumonia in Adults And Children
The main signs of pneumonia can be conditionally classified into symptoms that occur in adulthood and childhood.
Symptoms of Pneumonia Infectiou in adults
The first signs of the disease are hyperthermia, chills, weakness, severe cough, headache, tightness
Signs of P
neumonia Infection in Babies
It usually begins 5-7 days after a viral infection. A high temperature rises, at the beginning of the disease, a dry cough or with difficult to separate sputum, shortness of breath, hoarseness. Children have a stronger overall intoxication organism than in adults.
It is manifested by general weakness, refusal to eat, vomiting, pallor of the skin. Parents may notice that the affected side of the chest in a child lags behind in breathing. When listening, you can hear wet or dry wheezing in the lungs, hard, weakened breathing. In the analysis of blood in patients with pneumonia, high leukocytosis is detected and ESR.
Radiography of the lungs clearly shows darkening of the affected area. Pneumonia is treated in the hospital. For therapy used antibiotics, expectorant, mucolytic drugs, bronchodilators, infusion therapy. Both children and adults after normalization of body temperature are shown physiotherapy and massage.
Recovery occurs within two to three weeks after the onset of the disease. A large amount of sputum begins to separate, it becomes thinner, and residual moist rales are heard when listening.
How to Prevent Pneumonia Infection in babies and Adults
To reduce the risk of pneumonia, viral infections should be treated promptly. In the period of rising incidence, to avoid public places with large crowds of people, to maintain personal hygiene, to air residential premises more often.
Pneumonia is a rather dangerous disease. Therefore, you should carefully treat the slightest signs associated with the development of the disease.
Proper prevention, timely access to a doctor and strict adherence to all “How is Pneumonia Spread From Person to Person And is it Contagious or Not” prescriptions of a specialist will help to eliminate the risk of complications and will facilitate a speedy recovery.