Vaginal Candidiasis: Vaginal Yeast Infection Treatment,Causes,Symptoms: Vaginal candidiasis is a disease that many women of reproductive age know firsthand. The causative agent of this pathology is a yeast-like fungus Candida Albicans. It should be noted that this microorganism is opportunistic microflora, and therefore it often lives on the mucous membranes of healthy people, of course, in small quantities.
However, certain reasons contribute to the uncontrolled reproduction of the fungus, as a result of which its aggressive effect on the body provokes the development of the pathological process.
What is Vaginal Candidiasis or Yeast Infection?
Vaginal candidiasis is a yeast or fungal infection of the vulva and vagina. Despite the fact that the symptoms of the disease are somewhat similar to venereal diseases, this disease does not apply to STDs.
Causes of development of Vaginal Candidiasis
The reasons that lead to the activation and growth of fungi include all those conditions and factors under the action of which the vital activity of normal microflora is suppressed:
- the presence of chronic diseases, which also contributes to the weakening of the body’s defenses (HIV infection, chronic hepatitis, tonsillitis, caries, liver cirrhosis, chronic kidney pathology, etc.);
- medication, against which immunity is inhibited (antibiotics, cytotoxic drugs, corticosteroids);
- lack of vitamins;
- hormonal contraceptives;
- intestinal dysbiosis;
- hypothermia, overheating, frequent change of time zone, stressful situations – these factors are additional and can aggravate or give a start to the manifestations of vaginal candidiasis under “favorable” conditions;
- hormonal disorders (diabetes mellitus, ovarian work disorder, thyroid pathology, premenopause and menopause, overweight).
In addition, local factors predispose to the development of the disease:
- wearing wet clothes (after swimming, workouts);
- neglect or, conversely, overuse of personal hygiene;
- intimate hygiene products (deodorizing pads, tampons);
- promiscuous sex life;
- use of local contraception;
- wearing synthetic and / or tight underwear.
Thrush usually develops in women of childbearing age, but it does not exclude the possibility of the disease in postmenopausal women, adolescent girls and even children.
Vaginal Candidiasis Symptoms and photos
About 70% of women at least once in their lives suffered from unpleasant cheesy vaginal discharge, experienced discomfort when walking and during intercourse. Signs of vaginal candidiasis can be detected at the very beginning and in a timely manner to take action.
- Even before the discharge of discharge, a woman notices the itching of the vulva, which increases after intercourse or a hot bath. Especially strong itching becomes at night in a warm bed. If at this stage the treatment of the disease is not started, he will move to the next stage.
- The appearance of discharge with small white grains is already alarming for most women, especially since another symptom joins – an unpleasant smell. If at this stage you do not seek medical attention, chronic vaginal candidiasis is guaranteed, which will make itself felt at every opportunity.
- The acute form of the disease causes the woman great inconvenience. The large and small labia redden and swell strongly, whitish films of dried mucus appear on them. The laundry gets dirty continuously, requiring constant use of pads. The patient feels insecure in society, experiencing an inferiority complex.
It should be borne in mind that untreated vaginal candidiasis from the acute form becomes chronic, symptoms disappear, but this does not mean that the reproduction of the fungus stopped.
Why Vaginal candidiasis is Dangerous for pregnant women?
The overwhelming number of women first encounter thrush while carrying a baby. This is due to both the restructuring of the hormonal balance, and a decrease in immune defense. Immunosuppression is a prerequisite for carrying a child, because otherwise the immune response will lead to miscarriage. Thus, for Candida, pregnancy is the most fertile season.
Vaginal candidiasis during pregnancy is acute, with characteristic discharge and itching. Abundant contamination of the vagina with fungi can lead to a breakthrough infection in the uterus and fetal membranes, in which case the fungi get into the amniotic fluid. But, despite the close contact with the baby, they rarely become the cause of intrauterine infection. Much more often the infection of the child occurs during the passage through the birth canal. In this case, the fungus causes candidal stomatitis, otitis or intestinal dysbiosis in the newborn.
Vaginal Candidiasis Diagnostics
Diagnosis is usually not difficult. Candidiasis is well detected in conventional vaginal smears. The most common are microscopic and bacteriological studies of raids, which are removed from the affected areas.
Vaginal Candidiasis Treatment
Treatment of vaginal candidiasis, in particular its chronic forms, is a big problem of modern gynecology. Despite the abundance of antifungal drugs, the infection remains viable for years, exhausting the patient and her doctor. The treatment is carried out at home, hospitalization and a list of disability are not required.
A woman is asked to follow simple rules during the treatment period:
- Eat right. Quantitative reduction of the proportion of carbohydrates in the diet helps the body cope with the disease.
- Rejection of bad habits.
- Sexual rest.
- Do not take antibacterial and hormonal agents.
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene.
Primary cases of acute vaginal candidiasis, as a rule, respond well to simple local antifungal therapy; curing recurrent vaginal candidiasis is much more difficult.
For the treatment of acute vaginal candidiasis without complications, local treatment is enough, which often uses:
- Ketoconazole: vaginal suppositories.
- Clotrimazole (Kanesten): vaginal tablets.
- Miconazole: vaginal suppositories or cream.
- Nystatin: vaginal suppositories or tablets.
- Pimafucin: cream or ointment.
- Similar drugs with a different name.
In the treatment of chronic vaginal candidiasis, in addition to local drugs, systemic drugs are prescribed, for example, Intraconazole or Fluconazole tablets, Nystatin or Levorin antibiotics and so on.
In case of acute fungal infection, the quality control of the therapy is carried out one week after its termination. After treatment of chronic vaginal candidiasis, cure control is carried out over the next three months.
The choice of therapeutic drug and methods of its reception remains with the doctor. In some cases, the patients themselves buy the medicine, guided by advertising information or advice from friends. Indeed, local antifungal medications sometimes eliminate the symptoms of vaginal candidiasis and create the illusion of recovery. However, without proper treatment and laboratory control, a complete cure is extremely rare, the disease proceeds in erased form and becomes chronic. That is why the first signs of vaginal candidiasis should not be delayed to consult a gynecologist for advice!
Prophylactic methods in case of suspected presence of the disease (or in the period after therapeutic treatment):
- correction of endocrinopathy and other related pathologies;
- normalization of metabolism;
- proper nutrition and diet;
- identifying the cause of the occurrence of the infection and its elimination in order to rule out favorable conditions for the Candida pathogen;
- restriction of taking COC, cytostatics, antibiotics;
- improving the immune status of the body, including medication;
- exceptionally correct personal hygiene and regular gynecological examination of women.
Vaginal candidiasis – a disease most often affecting women of childbearing age. Therefore, it requires a more thorough approach to the issues of timely diagnosis and treatment, taking into account all the symptoms, concomitant pathologies, as well as prevention.